$\quad$$\quad$1.Over the past decade, thousands of patents have been granted for what are called business methods. Amazon.com received one for its “one-click” online payment system. Merrill Lynch got legal protection for an asset allocation strategy. One inventor patented a technique for lifting a box.
$\quad$$\quad$2.Now the nation’s top patent court appears completely ready to scale back on business-method patents, which have been controversial ever since they were first authorized 10 years ago. , the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit said it would use a particular case to conduct a broad review of business-method patents. In Bilski, as the case is known , is “a very big deal”, says Dennis D. Crouch of the University of Missouri School of law. It “has the potential to eliminate an entire class of patents.”
$\quad$$\quad$ 如今国家最高专利法院表示要准备彻底地缩减商业模式的专利，这些专利在十年前首次被授权以来一直都是有争议的。，美国联邦巡回上诉法院表示将会使用一个特殊的例子来对商业方法专业进行广泛审查。在众所周知的Bilski案中，就是一个非常好的作用，密苏里大学法学院的Dennis D. Crouch说到。 他有可能消除一整类专利。
$\quad$$\quad$Curbs on business-method claims would be a dramatic about-face, because it was the Federal Circuit itself that introduced such patents with its 1998 decision in the so-called state Street Bank case, approving a patent on a way of pooling mutual-fund assets. That ruling produced an explosion in business- method patent filings, initially by emerging Internet companies trying to stake out exclusive rights to specific types of online transactions. Later, more established companies raced to add such patents to their files, if only as a defensive move against rivals that might beat them to the punch. In 2005, IBM noted in a court filing that it had been issued more than 300 business-method patents, (尽管) the fact that it questioned the legal basis for granting them. Similarly, some Wall Street investment films armed themselves with patents for financial products, even as they took positions in court cases opposing the practice.
$\quad$$\quad$The Bilski case involves a claimed patent on a method for hedging risk in the energy market. The Federal Circuit issued an unusual order stating that the case would be heard by all 12 of the court’s judges, rather than a typical panel of three, and that one issue it wants to evaluate is whether it should “reconsider” its State Street Bank ruling.
$\quad$$\quad$Bilski的例子涉及到了一项对能源市场对冲风险的专利。联邦巡回法庭表示这个案子将有12位最高法院法官参与，超过了平时的三位，以及考虑是否应该“重新考虑”他的State Street Bank案的裁决。
$\quad$$\quad$The Federal Circuit’s action comes in the wake of a series of recent decisions by the supreme Court that has narrowed the scope of protections for patent holders. Last April, for example, the justices signaled that too many patents were being upheld for “inventions” that are obvious. The judges on the Federal Circuit are “reacting to the anti-patent trend at the Supreme Court”, says Harold C. Wegner, a patent attorney and professor at George Washington University Law School.
Business-method patents have recently aroused concern because of
[A] their limited value to business
[B] their connection with asset allocation
[C] the possible restriction on their granting
[D] the controversy over their authorization
Which of the following is true of the Bilski case? 例证题
[A] Its ruling complies with the court decisions
[B] It involves a very big business transaction
[C] It has been dismissed by the Federal Circuit
[D] It may change the legal practices in the U.S.
The word “about-face” (Line 1, Para 3) most probably means 词汇题
[A] loss of good will 丧失善意 错
[B] increase of hostility 不断增长的恨意 错
[C] change of attitude 改变其态度 对 与下文形成对比
[D] enhancement of dignity 增强的尊严 错
We learn from the last two paragraphs that business-method patents
[A] are immune to legal challenges 不受法律挑战的影响 错
[B] are often unnecessarily issued 常常是没有必要发布的 对
[C] lower the esteem for patent holders 降低对专利持有者的尊重 错
[D] increase the incidence of risks 增加了事故发生的风险 错
Which of the following would be the subject of the text?
[A] A looming threat to business-method patents
[B] Protection for business-method patent holders
[C] A legal case regarding business-method patents
一个关于商业模式专利的法律例子 错 以偏概全
[D] A prevailing trend against business-method patents